You must have seen your baby sleeping and adored him or her. Sometimes, babies show weird patterns in sleeping such as only sleeping when they are held or making weird noises while sleeping. If you have observed the latter pattern, you must be wondering why is your newborn grunting and squirming while sleeping. Is it normal?
Well, occasional grunting from your newborn while sleeping is perfectly normal. If someone has made you anxious about these noises being the signs of any pain or discomfort experienced by your newborn then this idea is completely wrong. Most of the time, these noises are made by the digestive system of your newborn. And it only means that your newborn’s digestive system is getting used to your breast or formula feed.
However, this always isn’t the case. When the grunting is more regular i.e. associated with each breath of the baby or is more towards the end of the breath and is associated with some other signs like; fever, rapid breathing, crying and distress it could mean some serious underlying illness.
Newborn grunting and squirming while sleeping: What are the causes?
Newborns make a weird noise while sleeping after they reach the age of 2 weeks and this weird noise can last up to 6 months of the age. This happens because after 2 weeks of age newborns start spending more time in the REM (rapid eye movement) phase of the sleep. REM defines the active part of the sleep in which you see dreams, make noise, and can act weird as well.
Newborns between the age of 2 weeks and 6 months can have up to half of their sleep in the REM phase. Thus, they are making all these weird noises because they are having dreams. However, there are more explanations to it which include:
Small nostrils of the newborns
Like their cute little bodies, their nostrils are little too which often get clogged with mucous or milk making them narrow passages for the air. So when the air passes through them they produce whistling or rustling sound. Your baby finds it annoying too just like you and tries to clear them making that grunting noise. Try to wipe the nose and it mostly helps with the noise, sometimes using salt water helps the dry nose to clear the passage as well you may try it after consulting your doctor.
Babies do sleep talk
Grunting is not the only voice your baby makes during the sleep. You can hear your baby crying, laugh, whimper and even yelp while he or she is sleeping. Pediatricians often equate these sounds with sleep talking and these sounds are completely normal. Moreover, your newborn will learn to overcome these noises with the passing weeks.
Gas is troubling your baby
It is normal at this age for your baby to develop gas in his or her stomach. This gas can be troubling enough for your baby to cause grunting while passing it. Make sure to feed your baby a healthy diet. There is nothing much to worry however, if there is too much of it and associated with diarrhea or constipation you might want to consult a pediatrician.
If you are new parents and the grunting noise along with pauses in the breathing has made you alarm there is nothing to worry about. Your newborn is just too young and he or she has to learn a lot of things and regular breathing is one of them.
When your baby is awake he or she normally breathes up to 40 times per minute. However, when he or she sleeps the control over breathing becomes irregular. The newborn may be taking half as many breaths at one time and double the breaths at another time. There is nothing to worry at all he or she is just a newborn and learning to control his breathing. These alternative fast and shallow breathing pattern is called periodic breathing of newborn.
Sometimes you may hear deep and raspy breathing which is because of their soft trachea (tracheomalacia). If you are worried about soft trachea please consult your doctor, because noisy breathing with of soft trachea is different from the usual noisy breathing. Again! Nothing to worry, this soft trachea improves over time within the first year of life in the majority of babies. There are some other causes of noisy breathing as well, which are worrisome and rare. In those conditions, every single breath is grunting and the baby is unsettled and squirming all the time. If you are worried about grunting and squirming, consult your doctor.
Baby’s spit-up reflex
Just like breathing, digestion is in the primitive phase as well in the newborn. However, they eventually take control of these things with time.
What happens is when you feed your baby at night and place him or her supine the excessive meal causes the stomach to spit up the meal back into the esophagus (food pipe) even up to pharynx (mouth). This produces strong grunting noise.
To avoid this to happen, you should:
- Space out feeds appropriately, like feed every three hours for the newborn and space our as they grow up.
- Feed the required amount only, don’t overfeed.
- Keep the baby in the upright position for at least 15-20 after feeding and let them wind out/burp.
- Incline the mattress up about 15 degrees from the head side in baby cot or crib.
Remedies for newborn grunting and squirming while sleeping
You can always visit a pediatrician and get your satisfaction that the grunting of your baby is normal or not. However, save this hustle for a little later and try these simple remedies:
- Observe your baby and see if there are any red flags as described below
- Wipe the nostrils if you find any blockage.
- Use saline water to clear dry nose
- Keep the room temperature to around 19 degrees centigrade or 66 Fahrenheit
- Feed the baby appropriately as described in the above paragraph
Your baby is going to learn the control of these things with time. So there is nothing for you to worry at all.
When to worry?
Newborn grunting and squirming while sleeping is not always a normal phenomenon. Rarely it could indicate an underlying respiratory disorder like; asthma, pneumonia, and sepsis. Here are some signs which can help you distinguish between normal and respiratory disorder:
- Is it associated with fever?
- There is bluish coloring of the tongue
- There is nasal flaring with respiratory distress and effort in breathing
- Frequent pausing in breathing
- Frequent grunting than before
- Weight loss or not gaining
- Refusal to food and drink
- Sweating a lot while feeding
- Getting tired while feeding
- Taking a lot longer time in feeding than usual
All these signs raise the suspicion of underlying respiratory or digestive system disorder. If you find these signs along with grunting you should visit a pediatrician. However, if there is no such sign and you are still worried, consider your intuition and visit a pediatrician, if your pediatrician assures that it is normal then you shouldn’t worry. Your young one will learn to control with time.